A woman surrounded by mountains and flowers in Iceland

Practical things to keep in mind

Practical things to keep in mind when visiting Iceland and general facts about the population.


Bus services are operated between Reykjavík and Keflavík International Airport in connection with all arriving and departing flights, and seats are guaranteed. Buses depart to and from Keflavík every 45-60 minutes. The drive between the airport and Reykjavík takes about 45 minutes. For departing flights, it is recommended that you take a bus leaving at least 2.5 hours before your scheduled departure. It is possible to arrange hotel pickup. Taxi services are available to and from the airport. The car-ferry MS Norröna sails weekly between Denmark, and Seyðisfjörður in East Iceland giving visitors the option of bringing their own vehicle.

Husavik town in North Iceland


Icelandic is the national language. English is spoken widely and Danish is the third language taught in schools in Iceland.


Pharmacies are called “Apótek” and are open during normal business hours. Only a few are open at night. Medical Care can be obtained by visiting a Health Care Centre, called “Heilsugæslustöð” in Icelandic, during opening hours.

For information, call +354-585-1300 or visit the website about Health Care.

Medical help: There is a medical centre or hospital in all major cities and towns in Iceland. The emergency phone number (24 hours) in Iceland is 112.
Health insurance: Citizens of EEA countries must bring their EHIC card (European Health Insurance Card), otherwise they will be charged in full. Non-EEA citizens are not covered by the EEA regulations and will be charged in full. Special vaccinations are not required to enter Iceland.

Also view patients without Icelandic health insurance (pdf)

For further information, contact the Icelandic Health Insurance: Tel.: +354-515-0100. Office hours: 10:00–15:00.

The Icelandic Health Insurance website

Hallgrimskirkja church in Reykjavik
The Icelandic flag

Blue with a red cross outlined in white. The colours are symbolic for Iceland: Red represents the volcanic fires, white recalls the snow and glaciers, and blue is for the skies above, the sea and the mountains. SIZE 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq. miles).


387,758 (2023). Mean age: 38.5 years.

Capital City

Reykjavík. The largest municipalities are Reykjavík* (125,000), Kópavogur* (37,000), Hafnarfjörður* (30,000), Akureyri (18,000) and Reykjanesbær (18,000). *Cities in the capital region.


Parliamentary constitutional republic.


The Icelandic króna (plural krónur) –ISK.


Iceland is on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) all year round.

Highest point

Hvannadalshnjúkur peak at 2,110 m.

Natural resources

Fish, hydropower, geothermal energy.

Useful websites

Emergency phone numbers

  • Emergency number: 112
  • Police: 444 1000
  • Medical assistance: 1770

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General information about Iceland