Practical things to keep in mind
Practical things to keep in mind when visiting Iceland and general facts about the population.
Arrival in Iceland
Icelandic is the national language. English is spoken widely and Danish is the third language taught in schools in Iceland.
Pharmacies are called “Apótek” and are open during normal business hours. Only a few are open at night. Medical Care can be obtained by visiting a Health Care Centre, called “Heilsugæslustöð” in Icelandic, during opening hours.
Medical help: There is a medical centre or hospital in all major cities and towns in Iceland. The emergency phone number (24 hours) in Iceland is 112.
Health insurance: Citizens of EEA countries must bring their EHIC card (European Health Insurance Card), otherwise they will be charged in full. Non-EEA citizens are not covered by the EEA regulations and will be charged in full. Special vaccinations are not required to enter Iceland.
For further information, contact the Icelandic Health Insurance: Tel.: +354-515-0100. Office hours: 10:00–15:00.
Blue with a red cross outlined in white. The colours are symbolic for Iceland: Red represents the volcanic fires, white recalls the snow and glaciers, and blue is for the skies above, the sea and the mountains. SIZE 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq. miles).
360,000. Mean age: 38 years.
Reykjavík. The largest municipalities are Reykjavík* (125,000), Kópavogur* (37,000), Hafnarfjörður* (30,000), Akureyri (18,000) and Reykjanesbær (18,000). *Cities in the capital region.
Parliamentary constitutional republic.
The Icelandic króna (plural krónur) –ISK.
Iceland is on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) all year round.
Hvannadalshnjúkur peak at 2,110 m.
Fish, hydropower, geothermal energy.
Emergency phone numbers
- Emergency number: 112
- Police: 444 1000
- Medical assistance: 1770