Nature and Wildlife
More than half of Iceland is over 400 m above sea level, and a large
part of the island is covered by lava, glaciers, lakes and sand. Few
places in Iceland have marked walking paths, but hiking is a favourite
pastime for Icelanders and tourists alike.
Many places in Iceland are a paradise for bird-watchers. Látrabjarg in the West Fjords is the largest birdcliff known in the world. A great variety of cliff-nesting species can be found there, including the largest razorbill colony in the world. The Westman Islands are known for many kinds of seabirds, and are home to Iceland's largest puffin population. Lake Mývatn in the north has more species of breeding ducks than any other place in Europe. The great skua colony on the sands in south Iceland is the largest in the world. Seabirds such as puffins can be seen in many places, as well as eiders, Arctic terns, waders and passerine birds. Some tour operators organize tours for bird-watchers in early summer.
The cool clear North Atlantic encircling Iceland is teeming with whales
of various sizes and species. Already thousands of tourists have enjoyed
whale watching from various sites around the country. The whale
watching ports are all around the coastline.
Iceland offers various seal watching location where you can observe harbour seals/common seals in their natural habitat.